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Pp: 57-58 (2)
* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)
Anthropogenic forcings caused complex ecosystem transformations in the
pedo-, cryo-, hydro-, atmo-, and biospheres and global adaptive pressure on biota.
Keywords: Adaptation, Anthropogenic forcings, Ecosystem transformations.
Cite this chapter as:
Transformation of Ecosystems in the Spheres of Earth, 250 Years of Industrial Consumption and Transformation of Nature: Impacts on Global Ecosystems and Life (2017) 1: 57. https://doi.org/10.2174/9781681086019117010009
Current Environmental Management (Discontinued)
Sustainability Practice and Education on University Campuses and Beyond
Mechanisms of Landscape Rehabilitation and Sustainability
Flood Risk Assessment and Management
Groundwater Reactive Transport Models
Sustainability: Multi-Disciplinary Perspectives
The Role of Place Identity in the Perception, Understanding, and Design of Built Environments
Application of Adsorbents for Water Pollution Control
Separating Pro-Environment Technologies for Waste Treatment, Soil and Sediments Remediation
Advances in the Development of Cool Materials for the Built Environment
The Impacts of Skiing and Related Winter Recreational Activities on Mountain Environments